Category Archives: Uncategorized

Church and State in the Modern World, Part II

If we could first know where we are, and whither we are tending, we could then better judge what to do, and how to do it. —Abraham Lincoln, June 16, 1858 (in his “House Divided” speech) See then that ye … Continue reading

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Church and State in the Modern World, Part I

This image is not a satire. It is the work of Br. Robert Lentz, OFM, a Byzantine Catholic monk. His icons celebrate the cultural norms of the postmodern world, most notably its emphasis on multiculturalism—he depicts Christ Pantokrator as an … Continue reading

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Church, State, and Violence in Medieval Russia

Left: Ss Vladimir, Boris, and Gleb (16th c. icon). Right: St Sergius of Radonezh (15th c. embroidered icon). In medieval Russia, Church and state attitudes toward violence were varied enough to provide precedents for either a Gandhi or a jihadi. … Continue reading

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It Don’t Mean a Thing—Orthodoxy’s First Encounter with Democracy

It is a commonplace observation that the Orthodox Church is in relatively new and uncharted waters, finding itself in a world devoid of Orthodox Empire. Until 1917 Russia was under the Tsars, and even the downfall of the Byzantine Empire … Continue reading

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Church and State: Who Unified Whom?

Christ flanked by Emperor Constantine IX (1042–1055) and Empress Zoe. It is a commonplace among moderns that Emperor Constantine used the Christian faith for political leverage to unite the Empire. Certainly this was one effect of his actions, but if … Continue reading

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Byzantium’s Facebook Relationship Status: It’s Complicated

The Church’s relationship with the state was always complex. How could Christians, whose “citizenship is in heaven” (Phil 3:20), have an uncomplicated attitude toward rulers who Paul claimed were “appointed by God” (Rom 13:4)? This dynamic tension between Church and … Continue reading

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History in the Light of Christ

  The historian faces formidable foes. While he judges the past with impunity, he may be found wanting when future generations judge him in their own histories (Herodotus has been called both “the Father of History” and the “Father of … Continue reading

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